The Secrets of Developing a Cult Following

Lessons from Wawa, Dunkin’ Donuts, In-N-Out and Wegmans

Wawa was voted America’s Favorite Sandwich. Given the other, bigger players in the space — like Panera, Subway and Arby’s — it may seem odd that a regional gas station and convenience store chain took home the top spot. But that’s before you realize that Wawa has something that those national brands don’t: a loyal, local cult following.

Despite its relatively small footprint and regional focus, Wawa has garnered a passionate following for its fan-favorite sandwiches, robust coffee options, and friendly atmosphere. In fact, the store’s loyal following has been dubbed “The Cult of Wawa.”

All this raises an important question: How is a cult-brand made? We analyzed consumer insights to better understand how certain brands develop fiercely loyal customers, and what Wawa’s success story can teach brands about the power of a cult following.

Specifically, we will dive deep into the three main aspects of creating a cult following revealed by our recent analysis:

  • A localized fanbase
  • A national appetite
  • A superior offering

Home is Where the Brand Is

Wawa is not the only food brand with a cult following. Far from it. Across the country, dozens of brands have parlayed a loyal local fan base into a national reputation. We wanted to see if we could find a pattern, in consumer conversations, that would help us better understand the secrets of cult success.

When we began our analysis of brands with fiercely loyal (and vocal) fans, several food companies immediately jumped out of the online conversation: Pennsylvania’s Wawa, California’s In-N-Out, New England’s Dunkin’ Donuts, and New York’s Wegmans.

Wawa Posts per Capita
Wegmans Posts per Capita
Dunkin’ Donuts Posts per Capita
In-N-Out Posts per Capita

The fact that hometowns post about their local options more than the rest of the country isn’t surprising, but it is surprising to see just how dominant this trend is. Like local sports teams, regional brands elicit strong responses from their local fans. Far from hurting the brand’s perception, this local focus helps the brands build and maintain a strong following.

When comparing the national sentiment of the brand to the #1 city discussing the brand, we can see the hometown support for the brand and how it imbues the company with a central locus of support.

Distance Makes the Brand Grow Stronger

The revelation that regional brands have regional followings is only the first step in understanding how some brands create cult-like followings. Indeed, the flip side is equally important: The best cult-brands elicit loyalty not just among their local customer base, but are actually able to have that positive perception seep into the larger, national conversation. Geographic scarcity, in other words, is as, or more, important to cult-brands than local dominance, as it creates desire for the brand to enter new markets.

We see the Wawa conversation trend in the United States, outside the brand’s home of influence shows how well the brand’s stellar reputation percolates from local cult following to nationally loved.

As Wawa grew, so did word of mouth marketing. Conversation in a sample of states outside the Mid-Atlantic region grew from under 100 monthly posts in 2010 to an average of 2,500 posts in 2018.


Knowing that there is desire for the brand’s growth shows that word gets out and the brand’s reputation builds, retaining that cult loyalty but expanding the brand’s area of influence.

Quality Over Quantity

It’s not just about regionality and scarcity. The cult-brands we analyzed offer something that differentiates themselves from their competitors, beyond just their localized footprint. Wawa offers sandwiches that are higher quality than other convenience stores; In-N-Out has their famous shakes; Wegmans has been applauded for their chef-quality prepared foods; and New Englanders love Dunkin’ iced coffee and crullers.

Wawa Positive Sentiment World Cloud
Wegmans Positive Sentiment Word Cloud

Looking at a positive sentiment word cloud, we can see these things being mentioned: such as Wegmans with “sushi” and Wawa with “hoagies.”

In the end, to build a brand with extreme consumer loyalty, the single most important aspect is that sense of home when you’re inside the store. The more you align yourself with the brand’s hometown, the more that region will love and discuss you. Pennsylvanians feel the most at home in Wawa and Upstate New Yorkers feel at home in Wegmans. So no matter how big you grow, a brand should always keep focus on where it all began if they want to reap the benefits.

For more information on brand analysis, download this guide: 5 Minute Guide to Brand Analysis

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